Marvin Ha?user b59e6fdae2 .pytool/Plugin/EccCheck: Add PACKAGES_PATH support 7 months ago
Plugin b59e6fdae2 .pytool/Plugin/EccCheck: Add PACKAGES_PATH support 7 months ago 5d25638e1b .pytool: don't add scopes for GCC 8 months ago 0e3e62fc2b .pytool/ Add reference to new build instructions 9 months ago

Edk2 Continuous Integration

This file focuses on information for those working with the .pytools directory directly or interested in lower-level details about how CI works.

If you just want to get started building code, visit Build Instructions on the TianoCore wiki.

Basic Status

Package Windows VS2019 (IA32/X64) Ubuntu GCC (IA32/X64/ARM/AARCH64) Known Issues
ArmPkg :heavy_check_mark:
ArmPlatformPkg :heavy_check_mark:
CryptoPkg :heavy_check_mark: :heavy_check_mark: Spell checking in audit mode
DynamicTablesPkg :heavy_check_mark:
EmulatorPkg SEE PACKAGE README SEE PACKAGE README Spell checking in audit mode
FatPkg :heavy_check_mark: :heavy_check_mark:
FmpDevicePkg :heavy_check_mark: :heavy_check_mark:
MdeModulePkg :heavy_check_mark: :heavy_check_mark: DxeIpl dependency on ArmPkg, Depends on StandaloneMmPkg, Spell checking in audit mode
MdePkg :heavy_check_mark: :heavy_check_mark: Spell checking in audit mode
NetworkPkg :heavy_check_mark: :heavy_check_mark: Spell checking in audit mode
OvmfPkg SEE PACKAGE README SEE PACKAGE README Spell checking in audit mode
PcAtChipsetPkg :heavy_check_mark: :heavy_check_mark:
SecurityPkg :heavy_check_mark: :heavy_check_mark: Spell checking in audit mode
ShellPkg :heavy_check_mark: :heavy_check_mark: Spell checking in audit mode, 3 modules are not being built by DSC
StandaloneMmPkg :heavy_check_mark: :heavy_check_mark:
UefiCpuPkg :heavy_check_mark: :heavy_check_mark: Spell checking in audit mode, 2 binary modules not being built by DSC
UnitTestFrameworkPkg :heavy_check_mark: :heavy_check_mark:

For more detailed status look at the test results of the latest CI run on the repo readme.


This Continuous integration and testing infrastructure leverages the TianoCore EDKII Tools PIP modules: library and extensions (with repos located here and here).

The primary execution flows can be found in the .azurepipelines/Windows-VS2019.yml and .azurepipelines/Ubuntu-GCC5.yml files. These YAML files are consumed by the Azure Dev Ops Build Pipeline and dictate what server resources should be used, how they should be configured, and what processes should be run on them. An overview of this schema can be found here.

Inspection of these files reveals the EDKII Tools commands that make up the primary processes for the CI build: ‘stuart_setup’, ‘stuart_update’, and ‘stuart_ci_build’. These commands come from the EDKII Tools PIP modules and are configured as described below. More documentation on the tools can be found here and here.


Configuration of the CI process consists of (in order of precedence):

  • command-line arguments passed in via the Pipeline YAML
  • a per-package configuration file (e.g. <package-name>.ci.yaml) that is detected by the CI system in EDKII Tools.
  • a global configuration Python module (e.g. passed in via the command-line

The global configuration file is described in this readme from the EDKII Tools documentation. This configuration is written as a Python module so that decisions can be made dynamically based on command line parameters and codebase state.

The per-package configuration file can override most settings in the global configuration file, but is not dynamic. This file can be used to skip or customize tests that may be incompatible with a specific package. Each test generally requires per package configuration which comes from this file.

Running CI locally

The EDKII Tools environment (and by extension the ci) is designed to support easily and consistently running locally and in a cloud ci environment. To do that a few steps should be followed. Details of EDKII Tools can be found in the docs folder here

Running CI

Quick notes:

  • By default all CI plugins are opted in.
    • Setting the plugin to skip as an argument will skip running the plugin. Examples:
    • CompilerPlugin=skip skip the build test
    • GuidCheck=skip skip the Guid check
    • SpellCheck=skip skip the spell checker
    • etc.
  • Detailed reports and logs per package are captured in the Build directory.

Current PyTool Test Capabilities

All CI tests are instances of EDKII Tools plugins. Documentation on the plugin system can be found here and here. Upon invocation, each plugin will be passed the path to the current package under test and a dictionary containing its targeted configuration, as assembled from the command line, per-package configuration, and global configuration.

Note: CI plugins are considered unique from build plugins and helper plugins, even though some CI plugins may execute steps of a build.

In the example, these plugins live alongside the code under test (in the .pytool/Plugin directory), but may be moved to the ‘edk2-test’ repo if that location makes more sense for the community.

Module Inclusion Test - DscCompleteCheck

This scans all INF files from a package and confirms they are listed in the package level DSC file. The test considers it an error if any INF does not appear in the Components section of the package-level DSC (indicating that it would not be built if the package were built). This is critical because much of the CI infrastructure assumes that all modules will be listed in the DSC and compiled.

This test will ignore INFs in the following cases:

  2. When a Library instance only supports the HOST_APPLICATION environment

Host Module Inclusion Test - HostUnitTestDscCompleteCheck

This test scans all INF files from a package for those related to host based unit tests and confirms they are listed in the unit test DSC file for the package. The test considers it an error if any INF meeting the requirements does not appear in the Components section of the unit test DSC. This is critical because much of the CI infrastructure assumes that modules will be listed in the DSC and compiled.

This test will only require INFs in the following cases:

  2. When a Library instance explicitly supports the HOST_APPLICATION environment

Code Compilation Test - CompilerPlugin

Once the Module Inclusion Test has verified that all modules would be built if all package-level DSCs were built, the Code Compilation Test simply runs through and builds every package-level DSC on every toolchain and for every architecture that is supported. Any module that fails to build is considered an error.

Host Unit Test Compilation and Run Test - HostUnitTestCompilerPlugin

A test that compiles the dsc for host based unit test apps. On Windows this will also enable a build plugin to execute that will run the unit tests and verify the results.

These tools will be invoked on any CI pass that includes the NOOPT target. In order for these tools to do their job, the package and tests must be configured in a particular way…

Including Host-Based Tests in the Package YAML

For example, looking at the config file, there are two config options that control HostBased test behavior:

    ## options defined .pytool/Plugin/HostUnitTestCompilerPlugin
    "HostUnitTestCompilerPlugin": {
        "DscPath": "Test/MdeModulePkgHostTest.dsc"

This option tell the test builder to run. The test builder needs to know which modules in this package are host-based tests, so that DSC path is provided.

Configuring the HostBased DSC

The HostBased DSC for MdeModulePkg is located at MdeModulePkg/Test/MdeModulePkgHostTest.dsc.

To add automated host-based unit test building to a new package, create a similar DSC. The new DSC should make sure to have the NOOPT BUILD_TARGET and should include the line:

!include UnitTestFrameworkPkg/

All of the modules that are included in the Components section of this DSC should be of type HOST_APPLICATION.

GUID Uniqueness Test - GuidCheck

This test works on the collection of all packages rather than an individual package. It looks at all FILE_GUIDs and GUIDs declared in DEC files and ensures that they are unique for the codebase. This prevents, for example, accidental duplication of GUIDs when using an existing INF as a template for a new module.

Cross-Package Dependency Test - DependencyCheck

This test compares the list of all packages used in INFs files for a given package against a list of «allowed dependencies» in plugin configuration for that package. Any module that depends on a disallowed package will cause a test failure.

Library Declaration Test - LibraryClassCheck

This test scans at all library header files found in the Library folders in all of the package’s declared include directories and ensures that all files have a matching LibraryClass declaration in the DEC file for the package. Any missing declarations will cause a failure.

Invalid Character Test - CharEncodingCheck

This test scans all files in a package to make sure that there are no invalid Unicode characters that may cause build errors in some character sets/localizations.

Spell Checking - cspell

This test runs a spell checker on all files within the package. This is done using the NodeJs cspell tool. For details check .pytool/Plugin/SpellCheck. For this plugin to run during ci you must install nodejs and cspell and have both available to the command line when running your CI.


  • Install nodejs from
  • Install cspell
    1. Open cmd prompt with access to node and npm
    2. Run npm install -g cspell

More cspell info:

License Checking - LicenseCheck

Scans all new added files in a package to make sure code is contributed under BSD-2-Clause-Patent.

Ecc tool - EccCheck

Run the Ecc tool on the package. The Ecc tool is available in the BaseTools package. It checks that the code complies to the EDKII coding standard.

Coding Standard Compliance - UncrustifyCheck

Runs the Uncrustify application to check for coding standard compliance issues.

PyTool Scopes

Scopes are how the PyTool ext_dep, path_env, and plugins are activated. Meaning that if an invocable process has a scope active then those ext_dep and path_env will be active. To allow easy integration of PyTools capabilities there are a few standard scopes.

Scope Invocable Description
global edk2_invocable++ - should be base_abstract_invocable Running an invocables
global-win edk2_invocable++ Running on Microsoft Windows
global-nix edk2_invocable++ Running on Linux based OS
edk2-build This indicates that an invocable is building EDK2 based UEFI code
cibuild set in .pytool/ Suggested target for edk2 continuous integration builds. Tools used for CiBuilds can use this scope. Example: asl compiler
host-based-test set in .pytool/ Turns on the host based tests and plugin
host-test-win set in .pytool/ Enables the host based test runner for Windows

Future investments

  • PatchCheck tests as plugins
  • MacOS/xcode support
  • Clang/LLVM support
  • Visual Studio AARCH64 and ARM support
  • BaseTools C tools CI/PR and binary release process
  • BaseTools Python tools CI/PR process
  • Extensible private/closed source platform reporting
  • Other automation